Glossary of terms

Apiculture (Beekeeping) – (from lat. Apis which means bee) is a branch of animal husbandry that studies technology growth and exploitation of bees, to obtain high apiculture production and increasing of seeds for entomophilous plants. Due to the specific biological particularities, bees provide to human important products, and through cross-pollination action entomophile provides significant production increases in many crops.

Bees – classified under Apoidea family within the suborder Apocrita that contains the wasps and ants, which feed on the nectar of flowers (as a source of energy thanks to sugar content) and pollen (protein source used more in larvae feeding) activity that results in pollination of flowers, and the production of honey.

Honey – a sweet food made by bees using nectar from flowers.

Varroa – a genus of parasitic mites associated with honey bees.

Beeswax – a natural wax produced by individual honez bees of the genus Apis. The wax is formed by eight wax-producing glands in the abdominal segments 4 through 7 of worker bees. The hive workers collect and use it for comb structural stability, to form cells for honey-storage and larval and pupal comfort and protection within the bee hive.